Ruban de la croix de guerre 1939-1945. Prime Minister of France from 1962 to 1968—the longest tenure in the position’s history—and later President of the Valéry Giscard d’Estaing : Entretiens PDF Republic from 1969 until his death in 1974. Pompidou’s presidency is generally held in high esteem by French political commentators.
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Pompidou was born in the commune of Montboudif, in the department of Cantal in central France. He first taught literature at the lycée Henri IV in Paris until hired in 1953 by Guy de Rothschild to work at Rothschild. In 1956, he was appointed the bank’s general manager, a position he held until 1962. However, it was primarily his intelligence, culture, and competence that conferred indisputable authority on him and commanded respect. He served as prime minister of France under de Gaulle after Michel Debré resigned, from 14 April 1962 to 10 July 1968, and to this day is the longest serving French prime minister under the Fifth Republic. However, during the events of May 1968, disagreements arose between Pompidou and de Gaulle. Pompidou did not understand why the President did not inform him of his departure to Baden-Baden on May 29.
Their relationship, until then very good, would be strained from then on. In social policy, Pompidou’s tenure as prime minister witnessed the establishment of the National Employment Fund in 1963 to counter the negative effects on employment caused by industrial restructuring. After the failure of the 1969 constitutional referendum, de Gaulle resigned and Pompidou was elected president of France. The United States was eager to restore positive relations with France after de Gaulle’s departure from office. The United States offered to help the French nuclear programme.