Questions médicales PDF

Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about emergency medical techniques. For the equipment used in space travel, see Life support system. Life support refers to the questions médicales PDF and techniques performed in an emergency in order to support life after the failure of one or more vital organs. As technology continues to advance within the medical field, so do the options available for healthcare.

Questions médicales / Henri Fauvel
Date de l’édition originale : 1890

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Out of respect for the patient’s autonomy, patients and their families are able to make their own decisions about life-sustaining treatment or whether to hasten death. These orders state that the patient does not wish to receive these forms of life support. Another type of life support that presents ethical arguments is the placement of a feeding tube. Decisions about hydration and nutrition are generally the most ethically challenging when it comes to end-of-life care. In addition to patients and their families, doctors also are confronted with ethical questions. In addition to patient life, doctors have to consider medical resource allocations.

They have to decide whether one patient is a worthwhile investment of limited resources versus another. Sawatsky had Parkinson’s disease and had been a patient at the Riverview Health Centre Inc. When he was admitted to the hospital, the attending physician decided that if he went into cardiac arrest, he should not be resuscitated. Sawatsky opposed the decision and the doctor complied. Later, the doctor decided that the patient needed a cuffed tracheostomy tube, which Mrs. In the case law to date in 1988, the courts decided that a decision to withhold or withdraw treatment was only for the physician to make, not the courts.

However, the Manitoba court decided that given the scarcity of related cases and how none of them considered the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, it would try the case. Previous courts had held that physicians should not be bound by law to provide treatment that they didn’t believe the patient would want. Bland case was an English House of Lords decision for a 17 year old comatose survivor of the Hillsborough disaster. He had been artificially fed and hydrated via life support for about 3 years.

However, he had not shown any improvement while in his persistent vegetative state. There are many therapies and techniques that may be used by clinicians to achieve the goal of sustaining life. These techniques are applied most commonly in the Emergency Department, Intensive Care Unit and Operating Rooms. The ultimate goals of life support depend on the specific patient situation. Typically, life support is used to sustain life while the underlying injury or illness is being treated or evaluated for prognosis.

Life support techniques may also be used indefinitely if the underlying medical condition cannot be corrected, but a reasonable quality of life can still be expected. Abbot-Penny A, Bartels P, Paul B, Rawles L, Ward A . End of Life Care: An Ethical Overview. Ethical Challenges in End of Life Care. Withholding and withdrawing life support in critical care settings: ethical issues concerning consent ». Increasing incidence of withholding and withdrawal of life support from the critically ill ».

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Forgoing life support in western European intensive care uni : Critical Care Medicine ». Discontinuing life support in comatose patients: an example from Canadian case law ». Il existe deux mots homonymes livre. L’expression religions du Livre fait référence aux religions juive, chrétienne et islamique.