Le grand Paris de Paul Delouvrier PDF

Paris, and is the most populous of the 18 regions of France. 12,213,364 as of January 1, le grand Paris de Paul Delouvrier PDF, or 18.


A l’heure où le  » Grand Paris  » est au centre du débat politique, le Schéma directeur d’aménagement et d’urbanisme de 1965 mis en oeuvre par Paul Delouvrier est souvent cité comme une référence et une source d’inspiration pour les décideurs d’aujourd’hui. Résistant, grand commis de l’Etat, Paul Delouvrier définira lui-même le projet d’aménagement de la région parisienne qui lui a été confié par De Gaulle comme  » l’aventure la plus passionnante de sa vie « , ce qui lui vaudra le surnom de  » Haussmann des faubourgs « . Plus de quarante ans après son lancement, le Schéma directeur a abouti à des réalisations (parmi lesquelles le RER, le périphérique, les villes nouvelles) qui ont changé le quotidien des  » franciliens « . Ce recueil de témoignages jette un regard nouveau sur le  » Grand Paris  » d’aujourd’hui.

It has the highest per-capita GDP among regions in France and the third-highest of regions in the European Union. Besides the landmarks of Paris, the region has many important historic sites, including the Palace of Versailles and the Palace of Fontainebleau, as well as the most-visited tourist attraction in France, Disneyland Paris. Although the modern name Île-de-France literally means « Island of France », the etymology is in fact unclear. The Île-de-France was inhabited by the Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, from around the middle of the 3rd century BC.

The Romans conquered the area in 52 BC and began their settlement on Paris’s Left Bank. It became a prosperous city with a forum, baths, temples, theatres, and an amphitheatre. Clovis the Frank, the first king of the Merovingian dynasty, made the city his capital from 508. As the Frankish domination of Gaul began, there was a gradual immigration by the Franks to Paris and the Parisian Francien dialects were born.

The Kings of France enjoyed getting away from Paris and hunting in the game-filled forests of the region. They built palatial hunting lodges, most notably Palace of Fontainebleau and the Palace of Versailles. During the French Revolution, the royal provinces were abolished and divided into departments, and the city and region were governed directly by the national government. In the period after World War II, as Paris faced a major housing shortage, hundreds of massive apartment blocks for low-income residents were built around the edges of Paris. It is composed of eight departments centered on its innermost department and capital, Paris. The outer parts of the Ile-de-France remain largely rural.

Agriculture land, forest and natural spaces occupy 78. 9 percent of the region, Twenty-eight percent of the region’s land is in urban usage, while the remaining 24 percent is rivers, forests, woods, and ponds. The River Seine flows through the middle of the region, and the region is criss-crossed by its tributaries and sub-tributaries, including the Rivers Marne, Oise and Epte. In 2014 industry represented just under five percent of active enterprises in the region, and 10. The Energy sector is also well established in the region. The nuclear power industry, with its major firm Orano, has its headquarters in Ile-de-France, as does he main French oil company Total S.

French company in the Fortune Global 500, and the main electric utility, Électricité de France. The unemployment rate in the region stood at 8. It varied within the region from 7. 8 percent in the city of Paris, to a high of 12. In 2014, 9,495 hectares were devoted to bio agriculture.

However, the number of persons employed in agriculture in the region dropped thirty-three percent between 2000 and 2015, to just 8,460 persons in 2015. The Île-de-France is one of the world’s top tourist destinations, with a record 23. 6 million hotel arrivals in 2017, and an estimated 50 million visitors in all types of accommodation. The largest number of visitors came from the United States, followed by England, Germany and China. The Regional Council is the legislative body of the region. Its seat is in Paris, at 33 rue Barbet-de-Jouy in the 7th arrondissement.