Jump to navigation Jump to jules & Jean en Aveyron PDF « Milhau » redirects here. For the wine grape also known as Milhau, see Cinsaut. For the cable-stayed road-bridge spanning the valley of the river Tarn near Millau, see Millau Viaduct. Aveyron department in the French Occitanie region in southern France.
The town dates back nearly 3000 years when it was situated on the hills above the Granède, before situating on the left bank of the Tarn on the alluvial plain in the second or first century B. By the ninth century the town has grown and is the seat of a viguerie, a mediaeval administrative court, and a centre for the production of lambskin gloves. At this time the town is surrounded by ramparts. In 1361, during the Hundred Years War, the city came under English rule.
The return to peace in the fifteenth century gave the city a boost. It is Louis XI which connects Millau to the crown in 1476 by letters patent. In the Middle Ages the town had one of the major mediaeval bridges across the river Tarn. It had 17 spans, but after one poorly maintained span fell in the 18th century, the bridge was mostly demolished. The Millau Viaduct was completed in 2004, eliminating traffic jams in the town centre. The town is now a tourist centre with one of the largest touring campsites in central France, benefiting from the attraction of the landscapes all around, and the architecturally acclaimed Millau viaduct.
It is also a major centre for outdoor sporting activity. Gold with four pallets gules, a chief azure three gold fleurs-de-lis. The city itself is administered through elected consuls – like Toulouse and its sheriffs – while the king was the sole and direct lord. Few cities in France, enjoyed such a regime of autonomy. The territory of this town lies across a southern portion of the Massif Central.
25th largest metropolitan town in France. Larzac as well as part of the Black Causse. The territory surrounding the town of Millau is characterized by livestock production and the maintaining of natural grasslands, fields and temporary pastures. It also consists of a multitude of gorges, ravines and defiles which are the defining characteristic of this country. These predominantly agricultural rural areas like the rest of this fragile region, are protected by the Regional Natural Park of Grands Causses. The flora in the area has more than 2000 species.