François de Grignan PDF

Grignan is a commune in the Drôme department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France. It has a magnificent Renaissance castle and is mentioned in the françois de Grignan PDF that Madame de Sévigné wrote to her daughter, Madame de Grignan, in the 17th century. Grignan is located in the south of the Drôme department, near the border of the neighbouring Vaucluse department, and close to Mont Ventoux, the highest mountain in Provence.


Le comte François de Grignan qui fit fonction de gouverneur en Provence eut pendant quarante-quatre ans pleins pouvoirs dans cette province.
Une charge considérable mais harassante.
Obligé de batailler pour faire voter chaque année les impôts par une assemblée souvent récalcitrante, de réprimer l’activité des protestants et de les contraindre par la force à respecter l’édit de Fontainebleau, de quitter son magnifique château pour courir des Alpes à la Méditerranée lutter contre les ennemis de la France, Grignan au service de Louis XIV a payé de sa personne et de sa bourse.
Une bourse fort écornée par les dettes héritées de son père, ses obligations financières d’aîné envers ses frères et soeurs, le remboursement des dots de ses deux premières femmes, et les frais entraînés par une fonction qu’il entend assumer «à la grande». La mésalliance de son fils Louis-Provence avec la fille d’un riche financier, suivie de la mort prématurée de ce fils unique, n’empêchera pas la ruine totale de la famille des illustres Adhémar.
Le roi a-t-il gardé rancune au comte d’avoir épousé et emmené dans sa lointaine Provence «la plus jolie fille de France», fleuron des ballets de cour ? Peut-être. En tout cas, la marquise de Sévigné, mère de cette merveille, a difficilement supporté d’être séparée de sa fille, et l’on découvre dans cette biographie comment François de Grignan, élément incontournable du trio sévignéen aux rapports compliqués et passionnés, réussit à conserver avec sa belle-mère, guère plus âgée que lui, la connivence de leur jeunesse et une vive admiration pour son esprit et son talent épistolaire.

Jacqueline Duchêne, spécialiste du XVIIe siècle, a publié trois biographies et quatre romans historiques sur cette période, et collaboré à l’édition de la Correspondance de Mme de Sévigné dans la Pléiade.

The main crops produced in the area are lavender, truffles, wheat, and sunflowers. Nearby is the village of Nyons, world-famous for its olives. Several archeological excavations have shown that the rocky promontory of Grignan has been occupied since the Iron Age. There is evidence of a former Bronze Age society here, as well as Roman occupation in the 5th and 6th centuries AD. A century later, according to various documents, the Grignan family appears to have become well established. It is precisely during this time that the Grignans seem to have lost the ownership of the castle which bears their name. The expansion of the castle coincided with the rise in power of the Adhémars of Grignan.

The Adhémars were up-and-coming so their castle necessarily had to follow. Beginning in the 13th century, the Adhémars rose from Barons to Dukes, finally being elevated to the rank of Counts by Henry II, King of France. Grignan Castle progressively became an imposing stronghold. For his third marriage, he chose a certain Françoise-Marguerite de Sévigné, daughter of the marquise of the same name whose illustrious letters have perpetuated the memory of her son-in-law—and his castle to this very day. 22 months leading right up to her death in 1696. Louis Adhemar, governor of Provence, remodelled the medieval castle from 1545 to 1558. From 1668 to 1690, François de Castellane-Adhemar turned it into a sumptuous Renaissance palace.

Construction on the site of Grignan’s present castle was originally begun in the 12th century, but it wasn’t until the 13th century that the Adhémar family expanded it into a mighty fortress. Located under the castle terrace, the collegiate church was constructed between 1535 and 1539 at the request of Louis Adhémar. The Renaissance façade is flanked by two square towers and a beautiful Gothic rose window. Inside is an impressive 17th-century altar and organ loft. Located about a half kilometre from Grignan, this shallow, natural cave sheltered from the Provençal sun, was a favourite writing spot of Madame de Sévigné.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grignan. King Louis XV of France, great-grandson of King Louis XIV. Louise de Prie, Marquise of Toucy, Duchess of La Motte Houdancourt, maréchale, governess to the children of France. The duke was generally considered « horrific » — very ugly, physically deformed, and sexually debauched — yet the privileges of being a duchess compensated for the unfortunate match, e.

There was a bit of a delay before they brought her the sacred stool. I turned to the Grand Master and I said, ‘Oh, just give it to her. It certainly cost her enough,’ and he agreed. Charlotte and Louis Charles had one daughter, Anne Geneviève de Lévis, born in February 1673. After the death of her first husband, Anne Geneviève married secondly in 1694 Hercule Mériadec de Rohan, duc de Rohan-Rohan. Her only child, Anne Genevieve de Levis, Nicolas de Largillière.