Charles Le Brun (1619-1690) PDF

Jump to navigation Jump to search For the Napoleon-era politician, see Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance. French painter, art theorist, charles Le Brun (1619-1690) PDF decorator and a director of several art schools of his time.


Portrait of Nicolas Le Brun by Charles Le Brun, ca. Part of the ceilling of the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. Born in Paris, he attracted the notice of Chancellor Séguier, who placed him at the age of eleven in the studio of Simon Vouet. He was also a pupil of François Perrier.

In Rome he remained four years in the receipt of a pension due to the liberality of the chancellor. There he worked under Poussin, adapting the latter’s theories of art. On his return to Paris in 1646, Le Brun found numerous patrons, of whom Superintendent Fouquet was the most important, for whom he painted a large portrait of Anne of Austria. Another project Le Brun worked on was Hôtel Lambert. The ceiling in the gallery of Hercules was painted by him. Le Brun started work on the project in 1650, shortly after his return from Italy.

In 1660 they established the Gobelins, which at first was a great school for the manufacture, not of tapestries only, but of every class of furniture required in the royal palaces. From this date all that was done in the royal palaces was directed by Le Brun. At the death of Colbert, François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, who succeeded as superintendent in the department of public works, showed no favour to Le Brun who was Colbert’s favorite, and in spite of the king’s continued support Le Brun felt a bitter change in his position. Chancellor Séguier and his suite, ca. Le Brun primarily worked for King Louis XIV, for whom he executed large altarpieces and battle pieces.

His most important paintings are at Versailles. It had much influence on art theory for the next two centuries. Many of his drawings are in the Louvre and the Monaco Royal Collection. He was also the teacher of painter Ludovico Dorigny. On 23 January 2013, artistic advisors for the Hôtel Ritz Paris, Wanda Tymowska and Joseph Friedman, announced the discovery of The Sacrifice of Polyxena, an early work of Le Brun. The picture, dated 1647, ornamented the Coco Chanel suite of the famous Parisian palace, and went unnoticed for over a century. Decoration of the ceiling of the Galerie d’Apollon, at the Louvre Palace.

Decoration of the château de Vaux-le-Vicomte : King’s room, Le Temps enlevant au Ciel la Vérité. Cupola of the Pavillon de l’Aurore at the château de Sceaux. Murals of the ceiling of the Galerie des Glaces, Palace of Versailles. Apotheosis of Romulus, cycle eight paintings for the ceiling of a room in the Hôtel d’Aumont, Paris. The Sleep of Jesus, musée du Louvre. Chancellor Séguier and his suite musée du Louvre. Paintings of the Story of Alexander, musée du Louvre.

Louis XIV presenting his sceptre and his helmet to Jesus-Christ, musée des beaux-arts de Lyon. Cycle of four paintings : Air, Earth, Fire and Water, Musée des Beaux-Arts et d’Archéologie de Châlons-en-Champagne. Louis XIV Equestrian Portrait, oil on canvas, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Tournai. Entry of Alexander into Babylon, ca. The Queens of Persia at the feet of Alexander, also called The Tent of Darius.